Gyula Pleschinger graduated at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Budapest University of Technology, and then earned a degree in finance at the Budapest University of Economics. He has certificates in stock and commodity trading and in Eurobond trading as well as a US Series 7 licence in securities trading.
Following several years of experience at companies and local authorities, he was appointed Deputy Head of the Investment Department at OTP Bank in 1989. He was Chief Executive Officer of OTP Securities between 1990 and 2000, before moving on to become Deputy Chief Executive Officer in charge of the investment banking and investment services areas of Raiffeisen Bank between 2001 and 2004. From 2005 to September 2010 he worked as an independent investment adviser.
Between September 2010 and November 2011 he held the position of Chief Executive Officer of the Government Debt Management Agency. From November 2011 he served as State Secretary for tax and financial affairs at the Ministry for National Economy. In March 2013 he was appointed a Member of the Monetary Council of the Magyar Nemzeti Bank.
In addition to his office responsibilities, he has discharged a number of functions, the most notable of which are: Member and Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Budapest Stock Exchange (1998–2001); Member of the Board and several committees of the International Securities Market Association (ISMA) headquartered in Zurich and London (1999–2005); Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Government Debt Management Agency (2012–2013); Member and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Deposit Insurance Fund (2012–2013); Permanent Member of the Regional Consultative Group of the Financial Stability Board headquartered in Basel (2012–2013); Deputy Governor of the World Bank and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), one of the institutions that constitute the World Bank Group (2012–2013); Member of the Panel of Arbitrators of the International Capital Market Association (ICMA, a successor to ISMA) (2012–); Member of the Worshipful Company of International Bankers and its Finance Committee headquartered in London (2002–); Member of the Hungarian Economic Association; Freeman of the City of London.