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WP 2007/2. Péter Benczúr-István Kónya: Convergence, capital accumulation and the nominal exchange rate


This paper develops a flexible price, two-sector nominal growth model, in order to study the role of the exchange rate regime in capital accumulation (convergence). We adopt a standard model of a small open economy with traded and nontraded goods, and enrich its structure with costly investment and a preference for real money holdings. We find that (i) the choice of exchange rate regime influences the transition dynamics of a small open economy, (ii) a one-sector model does not adequately capture the channels through which the nominal side interacts with real variables, and (iii) as a consequence, sectoral asymmetries are important for understanding the effects of the exchange rate regime on capital accumulation.

JEL: F32, F41, F43.
Keywords: two-sector growth model, small open economy, capital accumulation, household portfolios, real effects of nominal shocks.


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